Your retina specialist will perform a complete eye test, including a careful examination of the peripheral retina. This may include pushing outwardly of the eye (scleral dejection) to see the far most peripheral retina to distinguish any retinal breaks that should be dealt with.
Photographing the retina is once in a while performed to document the degree of the separated retina, and an optical coherence tomography (OCT) scan of the retina can be valuable to decide if liquid has isolated the focal lens of the retina (the macula). At the point when a clear view of the retina can't be gotten by direct visualization, an ultrasound of the eye can be useful.
The objective of treatment is to re-join the retina to the back wall of the eye and seal the tears or gap that caused the retinal separation. A few methodologies can be utilized to fix a retinal separation:
Scleral buckle : In this surgery, a silicone band is put outside the eye wall to push the wall of the eye nearer to the retinal tear so as to close the tear. The tear is treated with a freezing treatment to initiate controlled scarring around the tear and for all time seal it. The liquid under the retina is sometimes removed at the time of surgery.
Vitrectomy : In this surgery, three little cuts are made in the white part of the eye and fine instruments are controlled utilizing an operating microscope lens to evacuate the vitreous gel that fills the eye and empty the fluid from under the retina. The specialist may then utilize a laser or cryopexy to seal the retinal tears or gaps. The eye is then filled with a gas bubble to hold the retina set up while it heals.
Pneumatic retinopexy : In this office-based operation, a gas bubble is injected into the eye and the patient keeps up a specific make a beeline for a position the gas bubble over the retinal tear. The tear itself is fixed either with a freezing treatment at the time of the operation, or with the laser after the retina is re-attached.
Laser surgery : In specific cases, a retinal separation can be walled off with a laser to keep the retinal separation from spreading. This is commonly fitting for little separations.